Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy

Do We Need an Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator for Primary Prevention in Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy Patients?

Despite the fact that more than 20 years have passed since the clinical introduction of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT), one of the key questions – do we need an ICD for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in CRT patients? – is still unanswered.

Prospective Randomised Controlled Trials

Cardiac Resynchronization is Associated with Reduction in the Rate of ICD Therapies, While Improves Ventricular Function

Young Investigator Award
Topic: 3. Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy



Once ICD has been implanted, device therapies worsen prognosis.


CRT-D may reduce number of first appropriate ICD therapy, and independent factors can be identified.