Heart Failure

Heart disease has reached epidemic proportions and it is associated with substandard clinical outcomes.

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Heart disease has reached epidemic proportions and it is associated with substandard clinical outcomes.

Postpartum Cardiomyopathy and Considerations for Breastfeeding

Postpartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a diagnosis of exclusion, where patients present with heart failure secondary to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction towards the end of pregnancy or in the months following delivery, with no other cause of heart failure identified.1 PPCM is relatively uncommon, affecting between one in 5,000 and one in 10,000 births;2 it is thought to be more prevalent in women aged over 30 years, of black ethnicity, with a history of pre-eclampsia or preg

Exercise Training in Heart Failure Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: a Practical Approach

A hallmark symptom of chronic heart failure (CHF) is exercise intolerance associated with early fatigue and/or dyspnoea with a minimal degree of exertion. It is also associated with a decline in capacity to perform activities of daily living and a diminished quality of life (QoL). Both patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) and those with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have poorer prognostic risk factors, including increased mortality.1