Women

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Postpartum Cardiomyopathy and Considerations for Breastfeeding

Postpartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a diagnosis of exclusion, where patients present with heart failure secondary to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction towards the end of pregnancy or in the months following delivery, with no other cause of heart failure identified.1 PPCM is relatively uncommon, affecting between one in 5,000 and one in 10,000 births;2 it is thought to be more prevalent in women aged over 30 years, of black ethnicity, with a history of pre-eclampsia or preg

Bromocriptine for the Treatment of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major cause of complications in pregnancies worldwide, and can be largely attributed to increased cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity and hypertensive disorders.1 Today, up to 4 % of all pregnancies are complicated by CVD, with increasing frequency.2 Cardiomyopathies – whether inherited or acquired – represent the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in Western industrialised countries.2

Key Recent Advances in Atherosclerosis Treatment with Modern Lipid-lowering Drugs: The New Frontier with PCSK9 Inhibitors

Hypercholesterolemia has been known for several years to be a major risk factor in the development of atherosclerosis and consecutively cardiovascular disease. This epidemiological concept has been widely confirmed using different strategies that have reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels and cardiovascular events (morbidity and mortality) in primary as well as in secondary prevention, in different groups of patients.

Women with Stable Angina Pectoris and No Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: Closer to a Diagnosis

Women have for many years been regarded as being at relatively low risk for the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD).1,2 Recently this pattern has changed and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of death for women in Europe.3,4 Under the age of 60 years acute coronary syndrome occurs 3–4 times more often in men; however, after the age of 75 years women represent the majority of the patients.